As a matter of fact research is very important component for the development of human society. There are many different ways to do a research. Survey research is a well known method to do a research very easily. It is a commonly used method to collect information about any population on any aspect. The present article will help you to learn designing a survey research based on the specific research question. First of all, identify the research question on which you want to do the research. The following is the step by step procedure to design a survey.
In accordance with the emphasis the research question, write some background. For example, explain your survey in order to make an overall assessment of the prevailing situation with respect to the research aspect.
Explain the main objectives of the survey. Write the purpose of collecting information on basic population characteristics.
Scope of Work
Within the framework of the set objectives, write something about the scopes of work of the survey. For example, explain that you need to do some literature review; you need to set some indicators to describe the research question; you need to identify some features based on the research question; etc.
In accordance with the objectives of the survey, set the methodology. That means, explain which method is going to be used in this research. The method may be qualitative, may be quantitative, or may be both qualitative and quantitative. Explain the source of data as well as the methods and tools to collect the data. The tools may be the structured or semi-structured interview schedules.
Explain the location of the study. Write details of the geographical coverage of the study.
Sample frame of the survey
Explain the sampling technique of your study. For example, you have to set how you are going to draw the samples. May be you need to draw the samples randomly or you need to draw the samples purposively or however it suits the purpose of the study. In addition, determine the sample size for the study following some appropriate statistical method.
Explain the procedure of data collection. Determine how you form the data collection team as well as how you supervise and monitor the field investigators in implementing the survey. Also set how you check the quality of data. For example you can choose spot supervision, cross checking, etc.
Data editing, coding, entry, analysis and report writing
Give a clear explanation how you edit the collected data, enter the data in a computerized system, analyze the data, and finally how you write a standard report.